proteinas para perros

Proteínas para perros: qué son y por qué las necesita

¿Qué son los aminoácidos y las proteínas para perros? ¿Son importantes para mi mascota? ¿Qué tipo de alimentación aporta proteínas para perros?


Las proteínas para perros son nutrientes fundamentales que deben ser el pilar de una dieta equilibrada y saludable para tu mascota. Las proteínas son las “piezas” que el organismo de tu perro usa para construir células y tejidos, reparar daños y mantener el sistema inmune a punto. Además, los carnívoros usan las proteínas como fuente de energía principal, ya que su metabolismo desprende la misma cantidad de energía que los carbohidratos. Las proteínas, a su vez, se componen de cadenas de hasta 22 tipos de aminoácidos.

Cuando tu perro ingiere su pienso o comida húmeda, las proteínas que contiene son digeridas en el sistema digestivo, de forma que son separadas en los aminoácidos que las componen. Estos aminoácidos son absorbidos y usados por su organismo para sintetizar sus propias proteínas, que luego usará para construir tejidos y demás funciones. Los aminoácidos esenciales son aquellos necesarios para el organismo pero que no pueden ser sintetizados por tu perro y, por tanto, debemos aportarlos con su dieta.

¿Qué alimentos aportan proteínas para perros? ¿Cualquier proteína es buena para mi animal de compañía?

Las proteínas se encuentran en la carne, el pescado, los huevos y los lácteos. Algunos productos vegetales como los frutos secos, los cereales y las legumbres también son fuente de proteínas. Sin embargo, las proteínas de origen animal son más digestibles y contiene un perfil de aminoácidos que se ajusta más a las necesidades de un carnívoro.

Los perros necesitan que su dieta incluya hasta 10 aminoácidos esenciales: arginina, metionina, histidina, fenilalanina, isoleucina, treonina, leucina, triptófano, lisina y valina. La carne, los huevos y ciertas vísceras son las mejores fuentes de estos aminoácidos en forma de proteínas altamente digestibles y, por tanto, deben ser los ingredientes principales en un pienso para perros de elevada calidad.


para perros proteinas


Tradicionalmente, en nutrición veterinaria se ha considerado que los perros eran omnívoros. Los perros han sufrido un largo proceso de domesticación que, además de afectar a su carácter y aspecto, también ha afectado a su capacidad de digerir nutrientes respecto a sus antepasados salvajes. Sin embargo, los últimos estudios sobre este tema posicionan al perro más cerca de ser un carnívoro que, en determinadas situaciones de necesidad, puede actuar como omnívoro oportunista. Esto significa que el ingrediente principal en la dieta de tu perro debe ser las proteínas aportadas por la carne.

Cantidad y calidad de las proteínas para perros

La cantidad de proteínas que tu mascota necesita ingerir con su alimentación variará según la etapa vital en que se encuentre tu perro pero, de forma genérica, su dieta debe contener entre un 25 y un 35% de proteínas totales.

  • Cachorros y madres gestantes necesitan un aporte extra de proteínas ya que están “construyendo” tejidos a un ritmo elevado.

proteinas perros para


  • Los perros muy activos y los perros enfermos o en fase de recuperación tienen una necesidad mayor de proteínas para obtener energía y para recuperarse y reparar su organismo.


  • Los perros mayores también se beneficiarán de una dieta alta en proteínas de calidad, ya que al llegar a la etapa senior nuestras mascotas tienen menos capacidad de absorber las proteínas de la dieta y, al mismo tiempo, necesitan un aporte extra para poder mantener su musculatura a punto.


Sin embargo, la cantidad de proteínas no es lo único que debes comprobar cuando eliges un pienso saludable para tu perro. A veces, los piensos incluyen harinas o proteínas de origen vegetal que también contribuyen a engrosar el porcentaje de proteína total en la composición, pero ya hemos visto que no todas las proteínas son igual de digestibles y aprovechables por tu perro. Para hacerte una idea de la calidad de las proteínas que come tu perro puedes mirar la lista de los principales ingredientes de su pienso. Son fuentes de proteínas de calidad las carnes de pollo, conejo, ternera, cordero, pescados como el salmón y huevos. Un pienso de calidad incluirá, al menos, una de estas fuentes de proteínas como primer ingrediente.


Proteínas para perros y Fresh Nutrition

Como hemos visto, una alimentación saludable para tu perro empieza en las proteínas. La tendencia Fresh Nutrition defiende una nutrición equilibrada, fresca y de calidad. Las proteínas procedentes de harinas procesadas, vegetales, carnes de baja calidad o que estén incorrectamente procesadas pierden gran parte de su valor nutritivo. Por tanto, a la hora de escoger la comida de tu mejor amigo, recuerda que nuestro perro necesita un pienso equilibrado y rico en proteínas de calidad procedentes de carnes frescas.




Fresh Nutrition » Proteínas para perros: qué son y por qué las necesita
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