piensos para gatos

Diferencias entre piensos para perros y piensos para gatos

¿Es esencial que mi mascota coma piensos para gatos o piensos para perros? ¿Mi gato debe tomar un pienso específico?


Rotundamente sí. Los gatos son una especie diferente a los perros y, como tal, tienen necesidades nutritivas diferentes. Los piensos para perros están formulados de acuerdo a los requerimientos nutricionales de un perro y, en muchos aspectos, no coinciden con los requerimientos nutritivos de un gato. A continuación, te explicamos estas diferencias y qué pueden suponer para tu gato.


¿En qué se diferencian los piensos para gatos de los piensos para perros?


Para empezar, los gatos son carnívoros estrictos y, como tales, obtienen la mayor parte de su energía de las proteínas y no de los hidratos de carbono, como podría hacer un perro. La carne es imprescindible para un gato, hasta el punto de que no puede llevar una vida sana sin carne. Esto se debe a que los gatos obtienen de la carne gran parte de sus nutrientes esenciales, que son aquellos que solo pueden obtener a través de la dieta.


  • Proteínas:

De forma general, aproximadamente un tercio de una dieta saludable para un gato adulto debe consistir en proteínas procedentes de la carne. Las proteínas están compuestas por hasta 22 tipos de aminoácidos, de los cuales 12 son esenciales para los gatos, que necesitan ingerirlos con su alimentación. Mientras, para los perros sólo hay 10 aminoácidos esenciales. Por tanto, si durante un tiempo prolongado, alimentamos a nuestro gato con pienso para perros, aparecerán deficiencias nutricionales causadas por la carencia de esos aminoácidos esenciales que los diferencian. La taurina es uno de los aminoácidos esenciales para gatos. Su carencia provoca lesiones oculares que pueden llegar a ceguera irreversible y trastornos cardíacos graves. Las lesiones por deficiencia de taurina pueden tardar hasta 5 meses en aparecer y, a menudo, serán ya irreversibles cuando se detecten.




  • Vitaminas:

Otra gran diferencia entre los piensos para perros y los piensos para gatos está en el aporte de vitaminas. La vitamina A interviene en el mecanismo de la visión y el mantenimiento de las células de la piel. Los perros son capaces de sintetizar esta vitamina a partir de los betacarotenos. Los gatos, por el contrario, no son capaces de sintetizarla y, al igual que el aminoácido taurina, deben obtenerla directamente con su alimentación.


Los gatos también tienen mayor necesidad de vitamina B1 (tiamina) que los perros. En concreto, necesitan hasta 5 veces más vitamina B1 que sus amigos los perros y, por este motivo, un gato es mucho más propenso que un perro a sufrir deficiencia de tiamina. Los síntomas de la deficiencia de tiamina son pérdida de apetito, pelo mate, postura encorvada y problemas neurológicos. Esta deficiencia se produce cuando los gatos se alimentan de grandes cantidades de pescado crudo (el pescado sin cocinar contiene una enzima que destruye la tiamina) y cuando toman una dieta incorrectamente balanceada o no apropiada para gatos.


  • Ácidos grasos:

Por último, el ácido araquidónico es un ácido graso Omega 6 que, al igual que la taurina y la vitamina A, es un nutriente esencial para el gato. Mientras que los perros son capaces de sintetizar éste ácido graso a partir de otros ácidos grasos, los gatos no son capaces y deben obtenerlo de la dieta. La deficiencia de ácido araquidónico produce diferentes trastornos de gravedad en el gato.


Tanto la taurina, como la vitamina A y el ácido araquidónico son abundantes en la carne. Y es que, como ya hemos dicho al principio, los gatos son carnívoros estrictos y necesitan que la carne sea la piedra angular de su dieta.


para piensos gatos


Piensos para gatos y Fresh Nutrition

Ya sabemos que las diferencias entre las necesidades nutritivas de perros y gatos obligan a que los gatos tomen un pienso especialmente formulado para ellos. Si no queremos que nuestro gato se enfrente a una deficiencia nutricional no debemos alimentarlos con un pienso para perros. Atendiendo a los principios Fresh Nutrition (equilibrio, frescura y calidad), un pienso saludable para gatos debe estar formulado con un correcto equilibrio de nutrientes que tenga en cuenta las necesidades alimenticias de los gatos. Además, y dada la naturaleza carnívora de los gatos, estos nutrientes deben ser aportados por carnes frescas y de calidad que garanticen la correcta biodisponibilidad y digestibilidad de los nutrientes.




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