perro gordo

Tengo un perro gordo: ¿a qué se debe?

Si tienes un perro gordo has de saber que la obesidad es una enfermedad nutricional que se produce cuando hay un desequilibrio entre la cantidad de energía ingerida a través de la comida y la cantidad de energía gastada en el día a día, de tal forma que el organismo ingresa más energía de la que gasta. El perro almacenará esta energía sobrante en forma de reservas de grasa.

 

Si tu perro gordo supera su peso ideal en menos de un 25% se considera que sufre sobrepeso y, si lo supera en más de un 25%, entonces sufre obesidad. La obesidad es una enfermedad frecuente y muy relacionada con los hábitos alimentarios y de actividad física. Se calcula que en torno a un 50% de los perros caseros sufren obesidad o sobrepeso.

Razones por las que tienes un perro gordo

Pensemos en Luna, a quien ya conocemos de anteriores artículos. Luna es una simpática perrita de 10 kg de peso. Ya sabemos que Luna se alimenta con un excelente pienso equilibrado, fresco y de calidad, como exigen los principios Fresh Nutrition, por lo que no es un perro gordo. Pero, ¿qué cantidad de energía necesita comer Luna? Como Luna está en su peso ideal y realiza actividad física moderada bastará con que tome 470 kilocalorías al día para mantener su peso. Si ponemos más en su comedero, engordará y, si come menos, adelgazará.

Sin embargo, las necesidades energéticas en perros de similares características pueden ser muy distintas en función de su nivel de actividad. Perros muy activos, como los perros de trabajo o de rescate, cachorros o perros que se recuperan de una enfermedad necesitan una dieta más energética y, en ellos, será más fácil controlar el sobrepeso. Por el contrario, perros con hábitos sedentarios tienen más tendencia a engordar. Ciertas razas de perro tienen más predisposición a sufrir obesidad o sobrepeso y, entre ellas, no podía faltar el adorable labrador retriever. Los dueños de un labrador saben bien que el apetito de su mascota parece no tener límites.

 

perro gordo el

 

Debemos ser conscientes de que nuestro perro necesita una cantidad de comida muy inferior a la nuestra y, por eso, la pequeña cantidad que come debe ser comida sana y nutritiva, que le aporte todos los nutrientes necesarios en proporciones adecuadas. Si le damos premios a nuestro perro tendremos que reducir consecuentemente su ración. Además estos premios deben ser adecuados para tu perro, evita darle golosinas ricas en grasas o hidratos de carbono puesto que son muy energéticas y ayudarán a que engorde.

5 consejos para evitar calorías de más a tu perro gordo

Si tu perro sufre obesidad tiene mucho más riesgo de sufrir graves enfermedades como osteoartritis, hernias discales, problemas cardíacos y respiratorios, enfermedades endocrinas, cáncer y complicaciones en anestesias y cirugías. Como siempre, el mejor tratamiento para la obesidad es la prevención:

  • Da paseos diarios con tu mascota. Si tu perro vive en al interior necesita, al menos, tres salidas diarias y, una de ellas, de al menos una hora de duración. Ambos ganaréis en salud y os mantendréis en forma juntos.

 

el perro gordo

 

  • Proporciona a tu perro una alimentación específica para perros que incluya ingredientes frescos, proteínas de elevada calidad y que le aporte un equilibrio adecuado de nutrientes.
  • Ajusta la ración diaria de acuerdo a las características de tu perro: edad y nivel de actividad.
  • Dale premios saludables y limítalos a menos del 10% del total de su ración diaria.
  • Si tu perro adulto tiene mucho apetito, divide su ración en dos tomas, separadas 12 horas. Esto ayudará a que coma con menos ansiedad, limitando problemas digestivos y de aerofagia.

La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica que puede tener graves consecuencias sobre la salud de tu perro. Hemos aprendido que la mejor forma de luchar contra la obesidad es prevenirla a través de unos hábitos alimenticios adecuados, en los que el tipo de alimento que proporciones a tu perro juega un papel determinante.

Un alimento alineado con los principios Fresh Nutrition proporcionará a tu perro proteínas, hidratos de carbono, grasas, minerales y vitaminas de calidad, pues proceden de ingredientes frescos y en una proporción adecuada para garantizar que tu perro se nutre adecuadamente.

Si crees que tu perro sufre sobrepeso u obesidad y quieres ayudarle a mejorar su salud no dudes en consultar a tu veterinario.

 

 

 

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