nutrición

Las claves de una perfecta nutrición animal

¿Recibe mi mascota una perfecta nutrición animal? ¿Qué nutrientes debe tener el alimento de mi mascota? ¿Cuáles son los factores a tener en cuenta para una correcta nutrición animal?

 

A pesar de que, hoy en día, haya incrementado el interés por los animales exóticos como animales de compañía, tanto los gatos como los perros continúan siendo las mascotas más habituales en nuestros hogares. Es importante tener en cuenta que perros y gatos presentan diversas necesidades nutricionales, y, por ello, las claves para una perfecta nutrición animal son distintas entre ambas especies. Esto es debido a que el perro se ha convertido en un animal omnívoro mientras que, el gato, a lo largo de su evolución, se ha mantenido como un animal carnívoro. Este punto es importante cuando estamos evaluando el tipo de alimento que vamos a seleccionar para proporcionar una perfecta nutrición animal a nuestra mascota, ya que los gatos, por ejemplo, no pueden obtener todos los nutrientes que necesitan a partir de las plantas y productos vegetales, siendo necesario el consumo de diversos alimentos de origen animal para satisfacer sus altas necesidades en proteínas, taurina, ácido araquidónico o vitamina A.

LAS CLAVES DE LA NUTRICIÓN ANIMAL EN EL PERRO

Como ya he comentado anteriormente, tanto los perros como los gatos se clasifican dentro del orden Carnivora, sin embargo, sólo los gatos son carnívoros verdaderos. Un ejemplo claro es que los perros han perdido el instinto cazador, no gastan energía en obtener su alimento; por el contrario, los gatos aún exhiben algunas de sus actividades de caza ancestral.

 

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Desde el punto de vista veterinario, las diferencias claves a la hora de elegir una perfecta nutrición animal se manifiestan con la presencia de diferencias anatómicas y metabólicas entre ambas especies.

Hemos de tener en cuenta que no sólo cada especie animal presenta unas necesidades nutricionales específicas, sino que otros factores como la raza, o la etapa de la vida en la que se encuentra nuestra mascota, así como el grado de actividad que ésta lleva a cabo, serán claves a la hora de poder proporcionarles una nutrición animal adecuada.

En general, para llevar a cabo una perfecta nutrición animal, la dieta de un perro adulto debería incluir:

  • Al menos un 21% de proteína
  • Al menos un 5% de lípidos o grasas
  • Al menos un 5% de fibra (para favorecer la eliminación de productos de deshecho)
  • Un máximo de un 50% de hidratos de carbono.

Además, deberemos aportar calcio, fósforo y taurina, así como otros nutrientes en función de las necesidades concretas de nuestro perro.

Toda esta información podremos encontrarla en las etiquetas de los envases, y debemos saber interpretarlas para adecuar la nutrición animal a las características de nuestra mascota.

LAS CLAVES DE LA NUTRICIÓN ANIMAL EN EL GATO

La mayoría de los gatos viven en casa, sin necesidad de hacer un esfuerzo físico extremo, además, son capaces de regular su ingesta en función de sus necesidades nutricionales.

 

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En general, un pienso de gato que asegure una nutrición animal adecuada será aquel que contenga:

  • Al menos un 35% de proteína
  • Al menos un 15-25% de lípidos o grasas
  • Máximo un 5% de de hidratos de carbono
  • Al menos un 0’1% de taurina.

Además, deben presentar otros nutrientes como vitamina A, arginina, calcio, fósforo, o magnesio (en un porcentaje limitado, debido a la predisposición a formar cálculos renales), ácidos grasos esenciales como el ácido araquidónico, omega 3 y 6.


¿QUÉ ALIMENTO ESCOGER?. FRESH NUTRITION.

Existe la posibilidad de alimentar a nuestros animales de forma casera, sin embargo, es difícil asegurar el aporte equilibrado y completo de nutrientes, y por tanto, una perfecta nutrición animal.

Si optamos por una dieta comercial, la calidad, frescura y el contenido de sus nutrientes, así como la capacidad de digestión y absorción de los mismos, son factores que debemos considerar cuando seleccionamos los alimentos para proporcionar una perfecta nutrición animal:

  • Contenido nutricional y biodisponibilidad: El alimento debe aportar todos los elementos y nutrientes esenciales en cantidades adecuadas a las necesidades, estilo de vida, y etapa de vida de nuestra mascota.
  • Palatabilidad, aceptación, aporte calórico y digestibilidad: Debemos escoger un alimento que permita mantener un peso corporal ideal, con las necesidades calóricas cubiertas, cuyos nutrientes sean bien digeridos y absorbidos por nuestros animales, y que sea bien aceptado por nuestra mascota (forma, textura, y sabor adecuado).
  • El alimento debe proporcionar una perfecta nutrición animal y, por tanto, asegurar un estado saludable de nuestra mascota, que evaluaremos de forma subjetiva observando el pelaje, su condición corporal, y su comportamiento.

Conociendo esta información, ¿recibe tu mascota una correcta nutrición animal? ¡Cuéntanos qué tipo de alimento proporcionas a tu mascota y por qué lo has elegido!

 

 

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