nutricion y dietetica

Nutrición y dietética: también para mi gato

¿La nutrición y dietética animal es algo sencillo? ¿Es importante conocer cuáles son los requerimientos nutricionales y dietéticos de mi mascota? ¿Puedo proporcionar una mejor alimentación a mi gato si tengo conocimientos en nutrición y dietética?


Las idiosincrasias nutricionales del gato hacen que haya que tener unas necesidades dietéticas más estrictas que las de otros animales de compañía, como puede ser el perro. En otros posts hemos desarrollado temas sobre cuál es el pienso ideal para nuestro gato o las diferentes variedades de pienso de las que disponemos. No obstante, es importante aprender y conocer las bases de nutrición y dietética de nuestro gato, para poder elegirle una alimentación óptima con el fin de proporcionarle una vida saludable y favorecer una vida más longeva.

Cuando hablamos de nutrición y dietética, vamos más allá de una alimentación normal o fisiológica para nuestro gato. Nos centramos en conocer cuáles son los principios básicos de su dietética, teniendo en cuenta los nutrientes esenciales y los alimentos que contienen dichos nutrientes, con el fin de adecuar esta nutrición a las posibles particularidades, requerimientos específicos o patologías que puede padecer nuestro gato y que, de forma general, no tienen que estar presentes ni tenerse en cuenta en la alimentación de un gato sano.

Nociones básicas de nutrición y dietética animal

Antes de empezar, es importante tener en cuenta que, si queremos lo mejor para nuestra mascota, debemos solicitar los servicios de veterinarios expertos en nutrición y dietética con el objetivo de que nos recomienden y nos guíen acerca de qué alimento proporcionar a nuestro gato para, de este modo, conseguir una óptima alimentación. No obstante, hoy en día disponemos de un fácil acceso a diferentes y abundantes fuentes de información que podemos consultar para conocer conceptos principales acerca de la nutrición y dietética de nuestro gato, siempre y cuando conozcamos el origen y fiabilidad de estas fuentes.

Lo primero que debemos tener en cuenta en la nutrición y dietética de nuestro gato, es el origen o procedencia de los ingredientes que vamos a seleccionar para alimentarlo: aquellos productos que incluyan ingredientes nobles, sin exceso de aditivos artificiales y que procedan de un origen conocido y homologado, serán los que deberemos seleccionar. Otro factor que influye y que prima a la otra de seleccionar el pienso que administramos a nuestro gato es él mismo, es decir, va a ser nuestro gato el que nos indique qué es lo más adecuado para él, ya que un mismo pienso no es asimilado de igual forma por todos los gatos.


y dietetica nutricion


A pesar de todo ello, podemos enumerar una serie de idiosincrasias nutricionales que se deben suplir en cualquier gato:

  • Los gatos presentan unos requerimientos elevados de proteínas: el cociente proteico-calórico es de 80 g/1000 kcal en gatos sanos.
  • La taurina es un ingrediente imprescindible en su dieta.
  • Su dieta debe incluir ácido araquidónico.
  • La vitamina A preformada es un ingrediente esencial para nuestro gato, ya que son incapaces de obtener beta-caroteno (necesario para activar la vitamina A).

Además, debemos tener en cuenta otros factores como son:

  • Los carbohidratos como principal fuente de energía no están recomendados en el gato. El gato utiliza las proteínas para mantener su glucemia constante, aun cuando el aporte nutricional sea pobre en proteínas.
  • Presentan una elevada sensibilidad a la deficiencia del aminoácido arginina.
  • Son incapaces de convertir el triptófano en niacina, imprescindible para su correcta nutrición.
  • El ayuno prolongado en nuestro gato puede suponer un problema grave de salud, la palatabilidad es muy importante.


dietetica nutricion y

 Los alimentos frescos son básicos en la nutrición y dietética de nuestro gato.

Cada vez son más las empresas y proveedores que priman la calidad de los ingredientes que emplean en la elaboración de sus piensos frente al factor económico.

Los piensos para gatos producidos a partir de productos naturales y frescos, basados en una alimentación Fresh Nutrition, conducirán a una mejor salud de nuestra mascota. No obstante, si quieres que tu gato goce de una vida saludable y feliz, nuestra recomendación es que evalúes y estudies su nutrición y dietética, detectando cuál es el pienso que mejor se adecúa a las características de tu gato, de manera que sea él, el que te indique si realmente es el pienso que le conviene, ya que, si es así, la mejoría será inmediata.



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