nutricion deportiva

Nutrición deportiva para perros muy activos

¿Nutrición deportiva para perros? ¿Qué es la nutrición deportiva?


La nutrición deportiva veterinaria es una rama de la nutrición que se especializa en las necesidades nutritivas de las mascotas que realizan alguna actividad física deportiva frecuente. Una ventaja de tener un perro activo es que probablemente no tendrás que enfrentarte a una de las enfermedades nutricionales más comunes en perros, la obesidad, ya que el ejercicio habitual os mantendrá ti y a tu mascota en forma. Pero si tu perro es activo también debes prestar atención a su alimentación para que no tenga problemas nutricionales y se mantenga sano y feliz.

Los perros de trabajo como los perros de trineo, perros de rescate, perros pastor, perros que practican agility o simplemente perros que hacen deporte a diario con sus dueños son perros activos. Todos ellos tienen en común que gastan una cantidad mayor de energía que otros perros más caseros o tranquilos.


nutiricion de deportiva


Los deportistas humanos obtienen de las reservas musculares de glucógeno la mayor parte de la energía que consumen durante el ejercicio. Sin embargo, los perros deportistas obtienen la energía principalmente de las proteínas y de las grasas en vez de del glucógeno. Dependiendo de la intensidad del ejercicio, un perro activo puede necesitar entre un 5% y un 25% más de calorías que un perro similar pero de costumbres sedentarias.  Ese mayor gasto energético debe estar compensado con una alimentación específica adaptada a sus mayores requerimientos nutricionales de grasas y proteínas para que no pierdan peso y se debiliten a consecuencia de su mayor actividad. Básicamente tienes dos opciones, dar a tu perro un alimento de mantenimiento para perro adulto pero incrementando la ración recomendada, o mejor aún,  ofrecer a tu perro una alimentación específica para perros activos.


Piensos para perros activos y nutrición deportiva

Muchas marcas de piensos ofrecen piensos especialmente formulados para perros activos y deportistas. Estos piensos contienen una mayor concentración de nutrientes y tienen la ventaja de que no tendrás que ofrecer a tu perro grandes raciones de comida. Pero además es importante que nos fijemos en la cantidad y calidad de esos nutrientes:

  • Proteínas: un perro activo necesita una alimentación con un mínimo del 30% de proteínas de calidad. Son fuentes de proteínas de calidad las carnes frescas de pollo, conejo, ternera, cordero, pescados como el salmón y huevos. Un pienso de calidad incluirá al menos una de estas fuentes de proteínas como primer ingrediente.


  • Grasas: las grasas son la principal fuente de energía del organismo y por ello son imprescindibles en una dieta saludable para perros activos, que debe contener un mínimo de un 25% de grasas, más aún en deportes de alta intensidad. Los ácidos grasos Omega, como el EPA y el DHA, son grasas que además de ser fuente de energía aportan otros beneficios añadidos para la salud y el aspecto de tu mascota.


  • Hidratos de carbono: aunque menos importantes en el perro, otra fuente de energía son los hidratos de carbono. En especial los carbohidratos procedentes del arroz o la patata proporcionan energía de forma continua a lo largo del día.


  • Aditivos: los perros activos sufren un mayor desgaste muscular y articular. Un pienso con aditivos funcionales, como condroprotectores y prebióticos, previene el envejecimiento prematuro del organismo.


Consejos de nutrición deportiva y Fresh Nutrition

Los principios Fresh Nutrition promueven una alimentación fresca, equilibrada y de calidad. Estos principios también pueden aplicarse a la nutrición deportiva puesto que como hemos visto, es fundamental un equilibrio adecuado de nutrientes de alta calidad para alimentar a tu perro deportista.


de deportiva nutricion


Si la comida de tu perro activo sigue estos principios ya sólo queda que tengas en cuenta los siguientes consejos para que tu perro deportista esté al cien por cien:

  • Si tu perro es activo evita alimentarlo justo antes o después del esfuerzo físico ya que esto puede provocar trastornos gástricos, algunos serios y graves como la torsión-dilatación de estómago. Lo ideal es que un perro activo reparta su alimentación en al menos dos tomas diarias como mínimo una hora después de hacer ejercicio.


  • Introduce los cambios alimenticios gradualmente. Necesitarás entre dos a cuatro semanas para introducir un pienso rico en grasas y que no aparezcan problemas como diarrea.


  • Por último, tomar una nutrición deportiva para perros activos no convierte a tu perro en un deportista. Si tu perro no es activo, los piensos y suplementos para perros activos pueden producirle obesidad y trastornos gastrointestinales.


¿Y tú, tienes un perro activo? ¿Cómo lo alimentas?




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