mejor alimento para perros

Mejor alimento para perros con patología cardíaca

Elegir el mejor alimento para perros con patología cardíaca supone un reto, ya que no existen muchos trabajos que expliquen, de forma precisa, los requerimientos nutricionales de animales con enfermedades cardíacas clínicas o subclínicas.


Las patologías cardíacas son uno de los problemas más comunes en la clínica veterinaria, siendo frecuente que los propietarios nos pregunten acerca de cómo llevar a cabo el manejo nutricional de sus perros con patología cardíaca, con el fin de proporcionarles la mayor calidad de vida. Teniendo esto en cuenta, es nuestro deber, como veterinarios, aconsejar una nutrición adecuada evitando aquellos nutrientes que puedan afectar a la generación de la enfermedad o las complicaciones que puedan surgir por una mala alimentación.


La nutrición en un paciente cardíaco tiene importancia, ya que puede influir como causa de la enfermedad, en las complicaciones posibles o en el mantenimiento de la enfermedad a lo largo del tiempo. Por tanto, el tratamiento con un alimento adecuado para ellos va a determinar el éxito del tratamiento farmacológico de estos animales.


¿Cómo influye el mejor alimento para perros en mi mascota con patología cardíaca?

Los pacientes con enfermedades cardíacas suelen presentar de forma frecuente anorexia y delgadez extrema (caquexia), generalmente, de forma secundaria a la fatiga y dificultad respiratoria que presentan, o bien, como efecto secundario al tratamiento farmacológico. Es por ello que aumentar la palatabilidad de los alimentos es una consideración importante a la hora de elegir el mejor alimento para ellos.


para alimento mejor perros


Muchos alimentos terapéuticos para estos pacientes están disponibles tanto en forma de lata (dieta húmeda) como en pienso seco, por lo que una opción es variar entre ambos tipos de alimento con el fin de aumentar el interés de nuestras mascotas.


Modificaciones nutricionales específicas y una selección del mejor alimento, pueden ayudar a reducir la velocidad de progresión de la enfermedad cardiovascular. El manejo nutricional de pacientes con enfermedad cardiovascular, incluye modificaciones en los niveles de sodio, taurina, carnitina, ácidos grasos, antioxidantes y proteínas.


¿Cuál es el mejor alimento para perros dependiendo de la fase de la enfermedad cardiovascular?

Por lo general, en las fases iniciales de una enfermedad cardiovascular, se considera que el mejor alimento para nuestro perro es aquel que presenta un contenido reducido en sodio (< al 0’3% de la materia seca). Sin embargo, a medida que la enfermedad progresa, debemos tener en cuenta otros nutrientes.


La taurina es un aminoácido esencial en los perros, de manera que una baja concentración en plasma de este aminoácido, puede predisponer a una cardiomiopatía dilatada, siendo recomendada la suplementación de la alimentación con dosis de taurina de 500 a 1000 mg en perros menores de 25 kg o de 1 a 2 gramos en el caso de perros más grandes, repartiéndola en tres tomas a lo largo del día.


Unos niveles bajos de carnitina en la dieta, predisponen a patologías en el músculo cardíaco, como la cardiomiopatía dilatada, por lo que algunos cardiólogos veterinarios recomiendan suplementos de carnitina de entre 50 a 100 mg por Kg de peso tres veces al día.


perros alimento para mejor


En cuanto a los ácidos grasos, la suplementación con omega-3 puede resultar beneficiosa en aquellos animales que presenten patología cardiovascular, como una cardiomiopatía hipertrófica. Esta suplementación, se puede hacer a base de aceites de pescado, aumentando así, además, la palatabilidad del pienso.


La nutrición fresca es el mejor alimento para perros con patología cardíaca

Cuando nuestro perro padece una enfermedad cardiovascular, la selección del mejor alimento y la modificación nutricional es primordial como parte del tratamiento ya que, una nutrición adecuada, ayudará a prolongar el tiempo de supervivencia y mejorar la calidad de vida de nuestra mascota. Además, la elección del mejor alimento, puede ayudar a reducir la cantidad de fármacos necesarios para el tratamiento como pueden ser, por ejemplo, los diuréticos. Es por ello que, la Fresh Nutrition es la mejor opción. No obstante, siempre te recomendamos consultar a tu veterinario, quien te asesorará acerca de los avances  en nutrición y dietética y te indicará qué piensos existen en el mercado y cuál se adecúa mejor a las necesidades de tu mascota.





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