gato gordo

Mi gato es un gato gordo I: Causas y consecuencias de la obesidad en gatos

Mi gato es un gato gordo: ¿esto perjudica a su salud?

La obesidad es una enfermedad nutricional que se define por un exceso de grasa corporal. Los gatos de interior tienen menos oportunidades de realizar actividad física y suelen tener hábitos alimentarios incorrectos que los hacen más propensos a sufrir obesidad. En un estudio publicado en 2012, el 65% de los gatos caseros de Norteamérica eran obesos. Como veremos a continuación, un gato con sobrepeso tiene más probabilidades de sufrir ciertas enfermedades que afectarán a la calidad y cantidad de su vida.

Pero empecemos por el principio: ¿Por qué tengo un gato gordo?

La causa más común de la obesidad es un desequilibrio entre la cantidad de energía que un gato consume y la energía que gasta en el día a día. Pensemos en nuestro amigo Zarpas. Zarpas es un precioso gato macho esterilizado de 4.5 kg de peso. Zarpas toma un estupendo pienso que sigue los principios Fresh Nutrition, pero ¿qué cantidad de energía necesita comer Zarpas? Si Zarpas está en su peso ideal, bastará con que tome 270 kilocalorías al día. Si ponemos más en su comedero engordará y por el contrario, si come menos, adelgazará.

 

el gato gordo

 

Si tenemos en cuenta que nosotros necesitamos entre 1800 y 2000 calorías al día, podremos hacernos una rápida idea de la diferencia. Y es que 270 kilocalorías son muy poca cantidad de comida, por eso es muy importante que tu gato tome una alimentación sana y de calidad. Si toma muchas golosinas, rápidamente llegará a su máximo de calorías por día. Pero como las golosinas no son nutricionalmente equilibradas -suelen ser ricas en grasas e hidratos de carbono-, nuestro gato además de sus deliciosas “chuches” seguirá necesitando proteínas, vitaminas, minerales, etc., y por eso su organismo seguirá pidiendo comida y finalmente engordará.

Por otra parte, las necesidades de energía en dos gatos similares en peso y conformación pueden ser muy distintas dependiendo del estilo de vida de cada gato. Zarpas es un gato casero pero con acceso al jardín, allí pasa muchos ratos vigilando a los ruidosos pajarillos, correteando tras los saltamontes y sesteando al sol. Si Zarpas fuera un gato exclusivamente de interior tendría menos distracciones y pasaría la mayor parte del tiempo inactivo, y, por tanto, necesitaría menos cantidad de comida si no queremos que engorde.

¿Ser un gato gordo es malo?

Pues sentimos deciros que sí. Un gato gordo tiene más riesgo de enfermar y su vida media será más corta que la de un gato en su peso ideal. Enfermedades como la diabetes, urolitiasis, osteoartritis e hiperlipidosis hepática pueden limitar e incluso poner seriamente en peligro la vida de un gato gordo. Algo que tienen en común todas estas patologías es que adelgazar formará parte de su tratamiento, y que en algunos casos como la diabetes, adelgazar puede llegar a ser incluso curativo si se detecta a tiempo el problema.

A todo esto hay que sumar el mayor riesgo que correrá nuestro gato gordo ante cualquier procedimiento veterinario, en caso de estar obeso, algo aparentemente sencillo y poco invasivo como por ejemplo una limpieza bucal puede llegar a ser arriesgado para nuestra mascota ya que la obesidad también incrementa el riesgo anestésico.

 

mi gato gordo

 

Como dueños amantes de nuestra mascota, sabemos que a veces puede ser difícil resistirse a esa mirada lastimosa o ese maullido lleno de pena, casi como si nunca hubieran probado bocado. Pero por el bien de nuestro gato, debemos resistir la tentación de darle esa cucharada de yogur o ese pedacito de jamón york.

 


 

Obesidad y Fresh Nutrition

Como hemos aprendido, la obesidad felina aparece cuando hay un desequilibrio en la alimentación de nuestra mascota respecto a sus necesidad diarias, o cuando la calidad de la comida que le damos no es la más apropiada para cubrir sus necesidades nutricionales por completo. Por tanto, la clave para evitar la obesidad felina es equilibrio y calidad, dos de los principios en los que se basa la filosofía Fresh Nutrition.

Si te preocupa que tu gato llegue a estar obeso, o quieres ayudarlo a bajar de peso, no dudes en consultar a tu veterinario, y por supuesto no te pierdas nuestro próximo artículo: Mi gato es un gato gordo II: cómo prevenir la obesidad en gatos.

 

 

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