alimentacion canina

Alimentación canina en problemas gastrointestinales

¿Es importante modificar la alimentación canina en trastornos gastrointestinales?

 

Los trastornos gastrointestinales en nuestros perros incluyen un grupo muy variado de patologías. Independientemente de la causa, la mayoría de los trastornos gastrointestinales se manifiestan con diarrea (aguda o crónica) y, en muchos casos, con vómitos o anorexia (dejan de comer). El soporte nutricional constituye un elemento clave en el tratamiento de estas patologías, ya que el sistema gastrointestinal tiene un papel esencial en la digestión y absorción de nutrientes por lo que, si no administramos una dieta adecuada, nuestro perro podría entrar en un estado de desnutrición. Además, muchas dietas ayudan a reparar la mucosa intestinal, reducen la inflamación y promueven una correcta motilidad y función gastrointestinal por lo que, el control de la alimentación canina, constituye un componente importante en el tratamiento veterinario de muchos tipos de enfermedades gastrointestinales.

 

la alimentacion canina

 

Manejo de la alimentación canina en problemas gastrointestinales.

En el manejo de la alimentación canina en problemas gastrointestinales debemos tener en cuenta que la dieta debe seleccionarse de acuerdo con la enfermedad específica y el área del tracto gastrointestinal afectada en nuestro perro.

 

A la hora de elegir qué tipo de alimentación proporcionar nos fijaremos en características como  la digestibilidad de la misma, qué fuentes de carbohidratos y proteínas estamos aportando, la concentración y tipo de grasa o fibra presentes en el alimento, así como los posibles beneficios de los prebióticos y probióticos que puede proporcionar esa alimentación a nuestra mascota. No obstante, no debemos olvidar que esta dieta debe estar siempre supervisada por un veterinario, quien nos dará las pautas y consejos para seleccionar la alimentación más adecuada.

 

Alimentación canina en problemas agudos

En el caso de problemas agudos, el manejo nutricional, por lo general, se basa en un período corto de ayunas o con una ingesta muy reducida de alimentos, con el objetivo de dejar “reposar” el tracto digestivo de nuestra mascota. Posteriormente, tras un período de ayuno de aproximadamente 12 horas, pasamos a alimentar con dieta blanda. Debemos proporcionar a nuestra mascota un alimento de elevada digestibilidad que bien puede estar constituido por comida casera cocinada específicamente para nuestro perro como, por ejemplo, arroz blanco cocido o pasta; o bien, podemos utilizar dietas formuladas específicamente para el tratamiento y manejo de trastornos gastrointestinales que tenemos a nuestra disposición en diferentes centros veterinarios.

 

alimentacion canina la

 

¿Qué he de saber acerca de la alimentación canina en problemas gastrointestinales crónicos?

En general, cuando hablamos de problemas gastrointestinales crónicos, debemos seleccionar cada uno de los componentes de la dieta pensando en el problema específico de nuestro perro. Así, las proteínas incluidas en las dietas para perros con enfermedad intestinal deben ser de alta calidad y muy digestibles. Las proteínas son una de las principales fuentes de alergia alimentaria que pueden cursar con colitis y otras formas de enfermedad intestinal inflamatoria. Teniendo esto en cuenta, la selección de alimentos con una única fuente proteica puede ser la mejor opción en este tipo de problemas. Del mismo modo, aportar una única fuente de hidratos de carbono, de fácil digestión y asimilación, así como una dieta baja en grasas es, a menudo, beneficioso para perros con enfermedad gastrointestinal.

 

La adición de prebióticos y probióticos en la alimentación canina puede influir y favorecer el crecimiento y actividad de especies bacterianas que se encuentran de forma habitual en el intestino y que resultan beneficiosas para el mismo.

 

No toda la comida para perros que se comercializa en supermercados es realmente saludable ya que los componentes pueden ser de baja calidad, contener una cantidad excesiva de harinas y derivados o, incluso, presentar componentes perjudiciales. Por ello, optar por piensos basados en la Fresh Nutrition, con ingredientes frescos, supone un punto a favor en estas mascotas que presentan problemas gastrointestinales.

 

No obstante, teniendo en cuenta las siguientes recomendaciones para una alimentación canina en animales con problemas gastrointestinales, reduciremos sus problemas de forma notable:

  • Alta digestibilidad de la dieta.
  • Una única fuente de proteínas de alta calidad.
  • Una única fuente de hidratos de carbono, preferiblemente libres de gluten (arroz, patata, tapioca o maíz).
  • Un contenido en grasa reducido (<10%).
  • Una proporción de ácidos grasos omega-6 y omega-3 de 5:1 a 10:1.
  • Contenido de fibra moderado (3 a 7% en total).
  • Adición de prebióticos y / o probióticos para el control de la microflora intestinal.

 

Por último, debemos recordar que, siempre que nuestro perro presente vómitos o diarreas, lo primero que debemos hacer es acudir al veterinario, ya que podrían ser síntomas de una sensibilidad alimentaria pero, también, podrían estar indicándonos algo más grave.

 

 

 

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